Cataracts are common complaints of the eye, usually found in people over the age of 55 but they can occur in younger people, people who have suffered trauma and can also be found in newborns. The symptoms of cataracts range from blurred vision and dull colours, to increased sensitivity to light. You might also find your night vision worsening and more frequent trips to the doctor as well as a white spot over the pupil of the eye.
Who Can Get Cataracts?
Most people will develop cataracts at some point, usually later in their life, and not all find that they are serious, while some will find that the cataract imposes on their life, their vision and living standards to such an extent that they choose to remove it with a simple surgical procedure.
The symptoms will vary depending on your age and your past history in eye care, your general health and any hereditary diseases. You may only experience one of the symptoms mentioned above, or all of them, and some may come and go. Whatever your particular symptoms are, if you are experiencing eye issues or having problems with your sight then an early trip to the doctor is in order. You may develop cataracts later in life, others are born with them.
Causes Of Cataracts
There are several causes of cataracts. The different types of cataracts you have may affect your treatment options, but most are easily treated with a simple procedure which is now very common and very safe.
If you are born with a cataract then they may not necessarily affect vision. They usually occur because there is a hereditary issue, or just an undetermined cause. If you are born with a cataract and you find it does affect vision in any way, then it is best to have it removed. Some people born with a cataract find that there are not too many symptoms or problems with their eyesight, and they live a normal life without dependency on glasses or contact lenses. Other people will find the cataract very intrusive in their life and will choose to have it removed with surgery.
Then again, there are traumatic cataracts where development will occur due to an injury, or a disease like diabetes. Sometimes exposure to radiation or chemicals can cause cataracts. The cataract may occur immediately or it may develop years later. As the cataract occurs due to injury or disease, you may have never experience poor eyesight before. Obviously an accident is hard to avoid sometimes, but diseases such as diabetes should be controlled to try to reduce the likelihood of developing cataracts, or at least slowing the rate of development.
A common cause of cataracts is simply age and the failing health of the eye. The lens of the eye may become yellow or hard and will gradually develop, as you notice your eyesight failing gradually. It is not a huge problem and can be fixed with cataract surgery very easily. Most patients will describe problems such as nearsightedness, blurred vision or spotting on the eye. Cloudiness is a common complaint and this usually occurs towards the edges of the lens.